Plagiarism is fundamentally the attempt to claim credit for the Intellectual property of another person. Such intellectual property maybe written ideas, texts, programs etc or even unwritten idea. It is considered a very serious offence especially in the academia, since it compromises academic integrity
Due to the availability of internet there is no difference in research and plagiarism now. With the expansion in the use of the Internet for learning and research purposes, concerns have been raised that the opportunity for plagiarism to take place has increased due to the ease in which material can be copied and pasted from the Internet. The effort in the academia to prevent the rampant occurrence of plagiarism is a matter of expediency. The common causes observed are basically insufficient time for preparation for assignments and homework, which could be a consequence of excessive workload in school curricula and secondly lack of time to understand the subject matter on the part of the researcher, Which could result from various factors on the other hand laziness of both the researchers and students is also the factor.comprehend and represent source ideas in a manner that does not border on plagiarism.
There are much software to check plagiarism those software compares text from work collected by email or on disk using a similarity threshold that will detect essays which are very similar or dissimilar to other class essays by communality of words and phrases. There are many online free plagiarism checkers are available which are fully automated and there are numerous other online services which can be used to spot direct or indirect plagiarism. When you replicate your content on their portal and examine for plagiarism, this online software passes on you to a Google search results page which shows a list of web sites that contains one or more phrases from the copied text. Some free plagiarism checkers also help you by highlighting plagiarized content. Some examples of such plagiarism checkers are viper, copyscape, and turnitin.
These are much software for plagiarism check systems. There are different algorithms
Aimed at file-file comparison, varying in terms of speed, memory requirements and expected reliability. This includes borrowing, coping, buying, receiving, downloading, taking, using and even stealing a paper that is not your own. Any text taken directly from another source
Including course textbooks must be quoted using quotation marks, and such material must be cited.
Plagiarism check usually works along the same scheme: they compare the given document to the ones available online and attempt to match the parts of the document with the general base of the available texts. Each plagiarism checker has its own algorithm of text comparison and so they can detect plagiarism at different levels. Plagiarism detection has wider application than just student assignments, for example in copyright and patent violation. Plagiarism detection is a big problem because code can be copied from other students and many web sites and then changed in various ways to give a new mask to the fact that it is copied.